Indigenous Australian names include Polai in the Illawarra. Forestry Commission of New South Wales, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Toona_ciliata&oldid=980334431, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 22:49. Seed germination time 6 to 8 days. Historical Records of New South Wales, Vol.2, page 283. Wood specific gravity 0.45. The red cedar is widely planted in subtropical and tropical parts of the world as a shade tree and for its fast-growing aspect. Cotyledons wider than the radicle. As a result, successful planting of Toona ciliata is being observed in many parts of Brazil, including genetic improvement and clonal production. A lot of the settlement along the East coast of Australia was preceded by cedar getters who were always travelling around looking for new stands of Red Cedar. Monogr. Seeds winged at each end, seed (including the wings) about 12-15 x 3-4 mm.  Heavily and unsustainably exploited in the 19th and early 20th centuries, almost all the large trees have been cut out and the species is essentially commercially extinct. It is grown in the Hawaiian Islands of the United States, and southern and eastern Africa. Ovary base surrounded by the disk. This species produces the Red Cedar timber of commerce. CC-BY Australian Tropical Herbarium unless otherwise indicated in the images. Cotyledons elliptic, about 8-10 mm long. 4828; holo: B-WILLD, iso: BM (6 Nov. 1799)? Logs of Red Cedar float and this attribute was handy in the early days before the construction of roads and bridges. Fide Mabberley. Style short, stigma terminal, +/- peltate. pubescens in Hunan, China, A stand of Toona ciliata near Kempsey, New South Wales, 40-metre Toona ciliata, leafless in August, with epiphytic Dendrobium orchids at Barrington Tops, Australia, Eight-year-old seedling-planted Toona ciliata, Campo Belo, southeast Brazil, Four-year-old - 17 meter cloned Toona ciliata, Campo Belo, southeast Brazil, Clones production Toona ciliata, Campo Belo, southeast Brazil, Cedar & the Cedar Getters - James Jervis. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1000 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites but probably reaches its best development (in northern Australia) in upland rain forest on soils derived from basalt. of Roy. , Toona ciliata - red leaves in September, Mount Keira, Illawarra, NSW, Toona ciliata bark, tree near Macksville, New South Wales, Australia, Stand of approximately 10 mature Toona ciliata, south of Drake, New South Wales, a rare sighting in this area, Two-year-old red cedar, growing in a backyard, Casino, Australia, A 60-year-old Toona ciliata var. This moth does not attack commercial plantings of Asian/African/Australian native meliaceas in South America. Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia. , It is one of Australia's few native deciduous trees. Roemer, M.J. (1846) Synops.  The tree exudes a chemical that the female cedar tip moth seeks out. Young leaves pink-red. Trees grow rapidly and produce a soft durable timber which is easy to work and has always been prized as a cabinet wood.  It also naturally occurs at Norfolk Island. It is commonly known as the red cedar (a name shared by other trees), toon or toona (also applied to other members of the genus Toona), Australian red cedar, Burma cedar, Indian cedar, Moulmein cedar or the Queensland red cedar. Woolia on the Richmond River, Mamin & Mugurpul near Brisbane, and Woota at Wide Bay. Also occurs in Asia and Malesia. The timber of this species has always been highly regarded in the manufacture of light-weight racing boats particularly sailing boats and dinghys. 4828; holo: B-WILLD, iso: BM (6 Nov. 1799)? Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia. The Australian population was formerly treated as distinct species under the name Toona australis. Indigenous Australian names include Polai in the Illawarra. The largest recorded T. ciliata tree in Australia grew near Nulla Nulla Creek, west of Kempsey, New South Wales and was felled in 1883. In parts of Zimbabwe and South Africa, it has naturalised; growing to maturity and spreading from seed. (1989). Type: Madras, India, W. Roxburgh in herb. Austr. Domatia, if present, are tufts of hairs or foveoles with hairs at the orifice. Deciduous; leafless for a period between June and August. It grows best in an environment with high light levels, however in the relative darkness of the rainforest understorey, it is less susceptible to attack by the cedar tip moth. Faint incense-like odour in freshly broken twigs.  Availability of this timber is now limited.. It is also known as Indian mahogany. , Toona ciliata reproduces by seed. Timber is currently also harvested in New Guinea. Embryo about 5 mm long. It is also known as Indian mahogany. Cause et al. Soc. Inflorescence often 30-40 cm long, approximating but seldom exceeding the leaves. This causes dieback and a multi-branched tree with little commercial value. Occurs in CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south eastern New South Wales. Type: Madras, India, W. Roxburgh in herb. Fruits glabrous, about 15-20 mm long before dehiscing. The cedar tip moth lays its eggs on the tree's leading shoot, allowing the larvae to burrow into the stem. T. ciliata is a large forest tree in the mahogany family, native to Australia and Asia, but introduced elsewhere as a shade tree and for its fast-growing aspect and red timber. Woolia on the Richmond River, Mamin & Mu… The timber is red in colour, easy to work and very highly valued.  It is commonly known as the red cedar (a name shared by other trees), toon or toona (also applied to other members of the genus Toona), Australian red cedar, Burma cedar, Indian cedar, Moulmein cedar or the Queensland red cedar. Monogr.1: 139. Hist. Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia. Ovules about 6-10 per locule. Willd. 1: 139. It has been pursued since the early days of European settlement in Australia. It is a prolific seed producer and establishes readily. Early attempts on the Atherton Tableland to float cedar logs down the flooded Barron River to the port of Cairns were disastrous with many of the logs being smashed during the passage down the Barron Falls and other floating out to sea.  The species can grow to around 60 m (200 ft) in height and its trunk can reach 3 m (10 ft) in girth. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflet blades ovate, apex acuminate, base cuneate or obtuse, hairy on the upper surface at least along midrib, margins serrate, about 3-8 teeth occur along the margin on the upper half of the leaflet blade; petiole and rhachis of compound leaf hairy. Toona ciliata Australian redcedar This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It was used extensively for furniture, wood panelling and construction, including shipbuilding, and was referred to as "red gold" by Australian settlers.
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